Below is the detailed procedure for the installation of refrigerant piping, we have included necessary tools requirements and the procedure of refrigerant method statement for installation and testing of pipes.
- Tool Boxes.
- Sandpaper or Sandcloth.
- Wire brush.
- Testing Tools.
- Nitrogen cylinder.
- Soldering Tools
- Measuring Tape
- Hand Drilling Machine.
- adders / Scaffolding.
Safety requirements tools such as safety shoes, safety helmet, safety glasses, fluorescent vest, and safety gloves to ensure maximum ability of safe work and dust mask when required.
PROCEDURE FOR REFRIGERANT PIPE INSTALLATION
- Ensure all concerned personnel shall use PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) and all other items as required.
- Ensure adequate lighting is provided in the working area at night time.
- Ensure service area/work area openings are provided with barricade, tape, and safety nets.
Handling and Storage
On receipt of the refrigerant pipes and accessories at site, necessary precautions shall be taken for unloading, shifting, and storage as follows:
- All refrigerant pipes and its accessories shall be inspected, handled and stored properly upon receipt at site.
- it shall be stored in a place free of water, dust and adequately covered to avoid any kind of damages.
- All insulation materials shall be inspected for the thickness and densities.
- While unloading, shifting and storage, it should be ensured that there are no transit damages.
- Any discrepancies, damage, and etc. found to the materials will be notified and reported to QA/QC Engineer and Project Engineer for further action.
- Materials found not suitable for site use should be removed from site immediately.
- All materials to be used shall be as per approved.
Work Sequence/ Procedure for refrigerant piping installation & Testing:
Installation of Tube and its accessories:
- All pipework shall be as per manufacturer’s recommendations and and MAR Approval ref. #. M-0008, refer to the attached manufacturer recommendation for the installation of the Copper tupe and solder joints.
- Install piping to be as short and direct as possible, with a minimum number of joints, elbows, and fittings. Piping must be installed parallel to the building lines unless otherwise noted.
- Pipe must be cut accurately to measurements established at the construction site and must be worked into place without springing or forcing. Pipes must be installed as to permit free expansion and contraction without damage to joints or hangers.
- All due consideration and allowances shall be taken to keep pipework clean and dry during the installation works. Ensuring that all pipework unfinished ends are capped off at all times.
- Arrange piping to allow inspection and service of compressor and other equipment. Install valves and specialties in accessible locations to allow for service and inspection. Installed piping must not interfere with the operation or accessibility of doors or windows and must not encroach on aisles, passageways, and equipment.
- Pipe work to properly fixed and supported using a recognized and approved Manufacturer’s support system.
- Install the gauges as per located in the approved shop drawings. It must be installed appropriately ranged continuous-duty temperature and pressure gauges designed for refrigeration service. Pressure gauges must be installed to sense compressor suction and discharge pressures.
- Pipe work shall be suitably identified and labeled where specified.
- Connection between piping of steel and copper of brass shall be made using dielectric fittings.
Connection between piping – sight glass, valves to be considered.
U-Trap location to be identified and as per manufacturer recommendations.
Testing of Refrigerant pipes:
All completed systems will be, strength and leak tested with dry nitrogen as per Manufacturer’s recommendation. If the system is found to be leak free, The final pressure readings for both strength and leak testing are to be witnessed and entered.
Pressure Testing procedure:
- The high side and low side of each completed refrigeration piping system must be pressure tested at a pressure not less than the lower of the system test pressure or the setting of the pressure-relief device protecting the high side or low side of the system as per approved specs. And manufacturer recommendation.
- The testing media must be dry nitrogen. The Contractor must perform the leak test before insulating the pipes.
- Isolate the compressor from the leak test by firmly closing the suction and discharge valves.
- Where pressure-relief valves are installed, position the three-way dual shutoff valves so that full test pressure is applied to both relief valves.
Testing medium – Nitrogen
- Do not attempt to repair any leak while the system is pressurized. If any leaks are found, relieve the test pressure and perform repairs.
- The piping will be checked with soap and water solution.
- The pressure will be held for a period of 24 hours. If there is no visible loss of pressure after 24 hours,the line will be deemed to be gas tight.
- If a pressure gauge indicated the pressure drop, the testing operations connection and shut-off valve be first rechecked for leak and tightened as necessary.
- If a pressure drop is still evident, then all joints and lastly the piping it self will be checked with soap and water solution.
- Recharge the system, as previously described, and allow it to remain under pressure for 24 hours maximum pressure at least 1.5 times the operating pressure.
- Raise WIR for witnessing the Leak Testing for Refrigerant Copper Pipework.
Insulation of the Refrigerant pipes:
- Refrigerant pipework shall be insulated with closed cell synthetic rubber foam insulation, 25mm thick and finished as described for refrigerant pipes as per manufacturer recommendation.