As mentioned in one of our previous article “What is Risk Assessment?” it was mentioned that this is a step wise process. Now we shall explain each step in detail to better understand the complete process and making you able to conduct this exercise independently.
Risk Assessment Step 1 : Hazard Identification
The first step to start risk assessment for any activity or situation or process is to identify the hazards that are associated with that activity. At this stage the significance of the hazard is not considered only we need to find out whether this hazard exists or not specific to that activity. Similarly if we are talking about a process hazards can be identified for each activity to complete that process. Remember to record minute hazard even if you think this should not be considered due to its less importance ( you will learn why later when evaluating the risk).
Common Hazard Identified During Risk Assessment
Some of most common health safety and environmental hazards are mentioned below which you should consider while identifying an activity.
- Fall from height or falling objects
- Heat and temperature
- Fire and combustible materials
- Spillage and slips and trips due to spills
- Air Emissions (dust, vapors, fumes, smoke etc.)
- Solid and liquid waste
- Hazardous materials
- Confined Space
- Flammable Materials
- Paints, adhesives, thinners
- Land contamination
- Lone Working
- Manual Lifting / Ergonomics